Strategies by Educators within the School Setting to Prevent and Cope with the Experience of Domestic Violence by Adolescents

Kátia Cordélia Cunha Cordeiro, Nadirlene Pereira Gomes, Fernanda Matheus Estrela, Andrey Ferreira da Silva, Júlia Renata Fernandes Magalhães, Josinete Gonçalves dos Santos Lírio

Resumen


Estrategias de educadoras en el ámbito de la escuela para prevención y enfrentamiento de la vivencia de violencia doméstica por los adolescentes

Estratégias de educadoras no âmbito da escola para prevenção e enfrentamento da vivência de violência doméstica pelos adolescentes

Objetivo: identificar, en el discurso de educadoras, qué estrategias pueden implementar, en el ámbito de la escuela, para prevenir y enfrentar la vivencia de violencia doméstica por adolescentes. Método: estudio cualitativo, basado en la perspectiva crítico-libertadora de Paulo Freire, llevado a cabo con 20 educadoras de una escuela pública, en Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. Para recolectar los datos, se empleó la entrevista y, para sistematizarlos, el discurso del sujeto colectivo. Resultados: los discursos develan las siguientes estrategias de enfrentamiento de la violencia doméstica vivida por adolescentes: accionar el Consejo Tutelar; crear espacios de acogida y escucha para los escolares; estrechar vínculos entre escuela y familia; promover acciones educativas y articular saberes. Conclusiones: el estudio aporta caminos para prevenir y enfrentar abusos familiares que comprometen la salud física y mental de niños y adolescentes, con impactos sobre el rendimiento escolar. Se sugiere la contribución de la atención primaria a la salud por medio de acciones vinculadas al Programa Salud en la Escuela y la inserción de la temática de la violencia en las diversas carreras universitarias, ya que cuidar a niños y adolescentes y defenderlos constituyen obligación de todos los ciudadanos.

Para citar este artigo / Para citar este artículo / To reference this article

Cordeiro KCCGomes NPEstrela FMSilva AFMagalhães JRFLírio JGDS. Strategies by Educators within the School Setting to Prevent and Cope with the Experience of Domestic Violence by Adolescents. Aquichan 2019; 19(3): e1938. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2019.19.3.8

Received: 26/02/2019

Accepted: 28/06/2019

Financiado por la Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado da Bahia, Brasil.


Palabras clave


Violencia doméstica; adolescente; adolescencia; servicios de salud escolar; instituciones académicas; maestros; docentes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2019.19.3.8

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