Successful Aging and Personal Well-Being Among the Chilean Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Elderly

Lorena Patricia Gallardo-Peralta, Esteban Sánchez- Moreno

Resumen


Envejecimiento exitoso y bienestar personal en adultos mayores chilenos indígenas y no indígenas

Envelhecimento bem-sucedido e bem-estar pessoal em idosos chilenos indígenas e não indígenas

Objetivo: el objetivo de esta investigación consistió en analizar la asociación entre envejecimiento exitoso (SA) y bienestar subjetivo (SWB) en sus diferentes dominios. Metodología: se trata de un diseño cuantitativo y transversal, con una muestra compuesta por 800 adultos mayores, incluidos 569 indígenas (aymaras y mapuches), que viven en el norte y sur de Chile. Resultados: muestran que los dominios asociados con la SA son satisfacción con la salud, satisfacción con las relaciones sociales, satisfacción con la seguridad futura y satisfacción con las experiencias espirituales y religiosas. La SA también se asocia positivamente con ser mujer, ser joven y no ser indígena. Conclusión: la investigación tiene dos implicaciones prácticas principales. Primero, estos dominios del SWB pueden incorporarse a las intervenciones sociosanitarias, ya que se relacionan con elementos que se pueden cambiar o mejorar (salud, inclusión social, seguridad y creencias). En segundo lugar, este estudio sugiere una situación de riesgo entre los chilenos indígenas mayores, lo que confirma la premisa de que las trayectorias de vida de los indígenas chilenos que han enfrentado más riesgo social dan lugar a una vejez con más desigualdad social, por lo que es importante analizar aspectos positivos que promuevan un mejor envejecimiento. 

Para citar este artigo / Para citar este artículo / To cite this article

Gallardo-Peralta LPSánchez-Moreno E. Successful Aging and Personal Well-Being Among the Chilean Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Elderly. Aquichan 2019; 19(3): e1939. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2019.19.3.9

Received: 09/03/2019

Accepted: 28/05/2019

Este artículo fue financiado por el gobierno de Chile (proyecto FONDECYT 1170493).


Palabras clave


Envejecimiento; salud del anciano; envejecimiento saludable; envejecimiento exitoso; bienestar subjetivo; salud intercultural; grupos indígenas; salud de poblaciones indígenas

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2019.19.3.9

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