Instrumentos de avaliação das complicações na pele periestoma: revisão integrativa

Maristela Lopes Gonçalves Nunes, Vera Lucia Conceição de Gouveia Santos

Resumen


Instrumentos de evaluación de complicaciones de la piel periestoma: revisión integradora

Tools for peristomal skin complications assessment: integrative review

Objetivo: identificar y analizar las herramientas utilizadas para evaluar las complicaciones de la piel periestoma a través de revisión integradora de la literatura. Materiales y método: la búsqueda se dio en estas bases y portales de datos: Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud (BVS), PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus y Web of Science, de enero a febrero de 2018. Durante la búsqueda en las bases de datos, se utilizaron los descriptores: ostomía, colostomía, dermatitis y las palabras clave: instrumentos, complicaciones de la piel periestoma y evaluación de la piel periestoma. Se incluyeron estudios que cumplieron los siguientes criterios: que estén disponibles en su totalidad, que estén publicados en español, inglés y portugués, no se tuvo en cuenta el rango de tiempo y tenía que ser acerca de las herramientas de evaluación de las condiciones de la piel periestoma. Resultados: el análisis identificó la existencia de nueve instrumentos con diferentes parámetros para describir la piel periestoma. En general, los instrumentos describen los cambios basados en la clasificación de la complicación, en la causa del daño a la piel o en las características clínicas presentes. Los estudios evidenciaron, además, que la mayoría de los instrumentos no poseen propiedades de medida probadas. Conclusión: de los nueve instrumentos de evaluación identificados, solo cuatro tienen propiedades de medidas probadas. El enfermero debe conocer los instrumentos existentes confiables y válidos para describir y clasificar la gravedad de los problemas de la piel periestoma, lo que aporta a la sistematización de un diagnóstico más preciso y mejora, por lo tanto, la calidad del cuidado.

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Nunes MLGSantos VLCG. Instrumentos de avaliação das complicações da pele periestoma: revisão integrativa. Aquichan 2018; 18(2): 477-491. DOI: 10.5294/aqui.2018.18.4.9


Palabras clave


Estoma; colostomía; dermatitis; instrumentos; complicaciones de la piel periestoma; evaluación de la piel periestoma

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2018.18.4.9

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