Quality of Life of Patients with Advanced Cancer in Palliative Therapy and in Palliative Care

Leonel dos Santos Silva, Bruna Eloise Lenhani, Dabna Hellen Tomim, Paulo Ricardo Bittencourt Guimarães, Luciana Puchalski Kalinke

Resumen


Calidad de vida de pacientes con cáncer avanzado en tratamiento paliativo y cuidado paliativo

Qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer avançado na terapêutica paliativa e no cuidado paliativo

Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida de pacientes con cáncer avanzado en tratamiento paliativo y cuidado paliativo. Material y método: estudio cuantitativo, observacional, transversal y analítico, desarrollado en un hospital de enseñanza en el departamento de Paraná, Brasil, de enero a junio del 2018, con 126 pacientes, siendo 107 en tratamiento paliativo y 19 en cuidado paliativo exclusivo. Los cuestionarios para recolectar datos fueron: Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 15-Palliative, Functional Assessment of Chronic Ilness Therapy-Palliative Care 14 y Edmonton Symptom Assessment System. La prueba de coeficiente no paramétrico de Spearman se utilizó para el análisis. Resultados: la calidad de vida global en el tratamiento paliativo y el cuidado paliativo fue respectivamente 71,54/59,65; cuando correlacionados la puntuación total de calidad de vida del Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 15-Palliative con el Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Palliative Care 14 (p = 0,001) y la Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (p = 0,001), se encontró diferencia significativa de mejor calidad de vida en el tratamiento paliativo. Conclusión: los pacientes en tratamiento paliativo poseen calidad de vida global buena, mientras que el grupo cuidado paliativo, regular. Los síntomas fueron más suaves en el tratamiento paliativo y más intensos y con más significancia en el cuidado paliativo; por lo tanto, conocer el comprometimiento de la calidad de vida auxiliará a los profesionales a que planeen intervenciones con enfoque transdisciplinario para el paciente y su familia.

To reference this article / Para citar este artigo / Para citar este artículo 

Silva LdSLenhani BETomim DHBittencourt PRKalinke LP. Quality of Life of Patients with Advanced Cancer in Palliative Therapy and in Palliative Care. Aquichan 2019; 19(3): e1937. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2019.19.3.7

Received: 23/02/2019

Accepted: 09/05/2019


Palabras clave


Calidad de vida; cáncer avanzado; neoplasias; dolor en cáncer; cuidados paliativos; cuidados paliativos al final de la vida; enfermería oncológica

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2019.19.3.7

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