Effect of a Stoma Nursing Care Program on the Adjustment of Patients with an Ostomy

Clementina Prazeres Fernandes Sousa, Célia Samarina Brito Santos

Resumen


Efecto de un programa de atención de enfermería en estomaterapia en la adaptación de la persona a la ostomía de eliminación

Efeito de um programa de enfermagem em estomaterapia na adaptação da pessoa ao estoma de eliminação

Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de un programa de atención de enfermería en estomaterapia en la adaptación de la persona a la ostomía de eliminación (OE).

Materiales y métodos: estudio cuasiexperimental con grupo control. La muestra de 105 personas con OE se dividió en dos grupos (grupo de intervención y grupo de control), con evaluación en el primer y sexto mes después del alta hospitalaria. La información se recopiló mediante la Escala de Adaptación a la Ostomía de Eliminación. Se realizaron pruebas t de Student para el análisis estadístico.

Resultados: en el primer mes después del alta hospitalaria, la adaptación a la OE fue satisfactoria y similar (p > 0,05) en los dos grupos y el sexto mes fue estadísticamente más favorable en el grupo de intervención (p < 0,001), con diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el grupo de intervención entre los dos momentos de evaluación (p < 0,001).

Conclusiones: el programa influenció positivamente la adaptación a la OE y su contribución se hizo visible al sexto mes después del alta hospitalaria. La intervención sistemática de la enfermería en estomaterapia reveló un efecto favorable en la adaptación a la OE, por lo que es recomendable que se inicie en el período preoperatorio.

Para citar este artículo / To reference this article / Para citar este artigo
Fernandes CPBrito CS. Effect of a Stoma Nursing Care Program on the Adjustment of Patients with an Ostomy. Aquichan. 2020;20(1):e2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2020.20.1.4

Recibido: 08/11/2020

Aceptado: 18/02/2020

Publicado: 30/03/2020


Palabras clave


Estomas quirúrgicos; ajuste emocional; atención de enfermería; periodo preoperatorio; periodo posoperatorio.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2020.20.1.4

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