Intervenciones de enfermería para promover el autocuidado en un candidato a ostomía de eliminación intestinal

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2022.22.1.2

Palabras clave:

Atención de enfermería, práctica clínica basada en la evidencia, autocuidado, estomía, educación del paciente como asunto

Resumen

Objetivos: identificar las intervenciones de enfermería, sus características y resultados para promover el autocuidado en candidatos a estoma de eliminación intestinal.

Materiales y métodos: se llevó a cabo una revisión de alcance con base en las recomendaciones del Instituto Joanna Briggs. Para este fin, se seleccionaron estudios publicados en portugués, inglés y español en las bases de datos Web of Science, CINAHL y Scopus al 9 de noviembre de 2020.

Resultados: de un total de 2248 artículos identificados, se incluyeron 41 en esta revisión. Se identificaron 20 intervenciones de enfermería asociadas al autocuidado de pacientes con ostomía; la mayoría tiene lagunas en su contenido, método y frecuencia o dosis. Se identificaron más de treinta indicadores para evaluar el impacto de las intervenciones de enfermería; sin embargo, la mayoría de ellas fueron evaluaciones indirectas.

Conclusión: es escasa la evidencia sobre los diferentes aspectos que deben considerarse en las intervenciones de enfermería para pacientes con estoma. Además, no existe una estandarización en los métodos, la frecuencia o la dosis de intervención. Es urgente definir el contenido, el método y la frecuencia de las intervenciones de enfermería necesarias para promover el autocuidado en pacientes con estoma de eliminación intestinal y utilizar herramientas de evaluación que midan directamente ese autocuidado.

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Publicado

2022-01-26

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Soares-Pinto, I., Moreira Queirós, S. M. ., Pereira Alves, P. J. ., Sousa Carvalho, T. M., Vilaça de Brito Santos, C. S. ., & Correia de Brito, M. A. . (2022). Intervenciones de enfermería para promover el autocuidado en un candidato a ostomía de eliminación intestinal. Aquichan, 22(1), e2212. https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2022.22.1.2

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