Nursing Scientific Production on Teenage Pregnancy: An Integrative Review

Daiana Evangelista Rodrigues Fernandes, Marcelo Medeiros, Walterlania Silva Santos, Mayara Guimarães dos Santos

Resumen


Producción científica de Enfermería acerca del embarazo en la adolescencia: revisión integradora

Produção científica de Enfermagem sobre a gravidez na adolescência: revisão integrativa

Objetivo: identificar, en la literatura científica nacional e internacional, las evidencias producidas por la Enfermería que brinden subsidios para prevenir el embarzo en la adolescencia.

Material y método: estudio de revisión integradora de la literatura, con base en artículos disponibilizados en las metabases PubMed, BVS, Scopus y Web of Science, y en las bases de datos Lilacs y BDEnf, en portugués, inglés y español, producidos entre enero de 2013 y marzo de 2020.

Resultados: se seleccionaron, de acuerdo con los criterios de inclusión, 13 artículos. Los resultados se presentan por medio de las categorías “condiciones socioeconómicas desfavorables”, “conocimientos, actitudes y aspectos culturales” y “educación sexual y servicios especializados”.

Conclusiones: el embarazo en la adolescencia es fuertemente asociado a la pobreza y a otras cuestiones socioeconómicas. Las relaciones de género, la comunicación acerca de la educación sexual en el contexto familiar y otros aspectos culturales se hallaron en las discusiones, lo que señala su influencia sobre el fenómeno. Intervenciones que involucren la educación sexual se muestran como alternativa de afrontamiento. La presencia del profesional enfermero en los ambientes que atienden o concentran a adolescentes puede ser un gran diferencial para reduccir los índices de embarazo en esta fase.

Para citar este artículo / To reference this article / Para citar este artigo

Fernandes DER, Medeiros M, Santos WS, dos Santos MG. Nursing Scientific Production on Teenage Pregnancy: An Integrative Review. Aquichan. 2020;20(2):e2025. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2020.20.2.5

Recibido: 16/09/2019

Aceptado: 16/04/2020

Publicado: 06/07/2020


Palabras clave


Adolescente; salud del adolescente; embarazo en la adolescencia; educación sexual; salud sexual y reproductiva

Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2020.20.2.5

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