Necesidades de aprendizaje y estrategias educativas para pacientes adultos en preoperatorio de revascularización miocárdica: scoping review

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2022.22.3.7

Palabras clave:

Periodo preoperatorio, educación del paciente como asunto, revascularización miocárdica, grupo de atención al paciente, enfermería

Resumen

Objetivo: identificar y mapear las necesidades de aprendizaje y estrategias educativas para pacientes adultos en el preoperatorio de revascularización miocárdica. Materiales y método: scoping review realizada entre marzo y abril de 2021 en bases de datos nacionales e internacionales para identificar registros publicados en periódicos científicos y en la literatura gris, sin recorte temporal. Resultados: la muestra se conformó de 35 registros, de los cuales 32 fueron artículos (91,42 %) publicados entre 1990 y 2021. Las necesidades de aprendizaje de los pacientes antes de la cirugía se categorizaron en sistema cardiovascular y enfermedad de las arterias coronarias; cuidados, procedimientos y rutinas antes, durante y después de la cirugía. Además, se identificaron diversas estrategias educativas implementadas en los diferentes contextos de los estudios. Conclusiones: las necesidades de aprendizaje identificadas pueden aportar a la planeación e implementación de estrategias educativas enfocadas en el paciente antes de la realización de la cirugía.

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Biografía del autor/a

Alcides Viana Lima Neto, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Enfermeiro. Doutorando em Enfermagem. Departamento de Enfermagem. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte.

Breno Wagner Araújo Cosme da Silva, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Enfermeiro. Mestrando pelo programa de pós-graduação em enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN).

Vivianne Lima de Melo, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Acadêmica de enfermagem. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN).

José Adailton da Silva, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Enfermeiro. Doutor em Saúde Coletiva. Professor da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN).

Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem. Professora da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN).

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Publicado

2022-07-28

Cómo citar

Lima Neto, A. V. de, Silva, B. W. A. C. da, Melo, V. L. de, Silva, J. A. da, & Costa, I. K. F. (2022). Necesidades de aprendizaje y estrategias educativas para pacientes adultos en preoperatorio de revascularización miocárdica: scoping review. Aquichan, 22(3), e2237. https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2022.22.3.7

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