Nursing Interventions Aimed at Persons with Venous Ulcers: an Integrative Review

Johana Enyd Cifuentes Rodriguez, Sandra Guerrero Gamboa

Resumen


Intervenciones de enfermería dirigidas a las personas con úlceras venosas: una revisión integrativa

Intervenções de Enfermagem dirigidas às pessoas com úlceras varicosas: uma revisão integrativa

Objetivos: identificar y describir los fundamentos teóricos, los componentes, la duración, el modo de entrega y los resultados de las intervenciones de enfermería dirigidas a personas con úlceras venosas disponibles en la literatura.

Materiales y método: revisión integrativa entre los años 2000 y 2018 en las bases de datos electrónicas Pubmed, Ovidnursing y EBSCOhost.

Resultados: esta revisión incluye dieciséis artículos. En su mayoría, las intervenciones fueron de carácter educativo, tres se desarrollaron en la comunidad (bajo el modelo Leg Club) y el resto de intervenciones fueron entregadas personalmente, cara a cara, por una enfermera profesional. El tiempo mínimo de duración de aquellas fue de ocho semanas, con seguimientos telefónicos. Las variables de resultados más comunes fueron la cicatrización de la úlcera venosa y la reducción del área de la herida.

Conclusiones: hubo diversidad en relación con los componentes de las intervenciones y los resultados esperados. Se debe reforzar el reporte de las intervenciones y el uso de teorías de enfermería que respalden su diseño.

Para citar este artículo / To reference this article / Para citar este artigo

Cifuentes JE, Guerrero S. Nursing Interventions Aimed at Persons with Venous Ulcers: an Integrative Review. Aquichan. 2020;20(1):e2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2020.20.1.7

Recibido: 10/08/2019

Aceptado: 18/12/2019

Publicado: 13/03/2020


Palabras clave


Úlcera varicosa; úlcera de la pierna; atención de Enfermería; Estudios Controlados Antes y Después; Enfermería práctica

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5294/aqui.2020.20.1.7

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